ibyprprty wrote:My problem is that I've never really paid attention to foods and food groups, etc. So as strange as this may sound, I have no idea what is a carb, what is protein, etc.etc.
All foods are made up of the three major components (macronutrients): proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.
mostly come from animal sources, such as beef, chicken, fish, cheese, etc. There is a certain amount of protein in plant sources, but usually not a whole lot. The only non-animal complete protein is the soybean, but you can also get complete proteins by combining plant foods like beans and rice.
come from animal sources or plant sources. We try to minimize the animal fats by choosing the leanest choices of proteins, because the animal fats aren't that heart healthy. Plant fats are good fats for the most part, such as those found in nuts, olives, and avocados. Make sure to add those to your meals on a regular basis.
are almost exclusively found in plant foods, such as fruits, vegetables, beans/legumes, and grains (the non-plant food exception is dairy, because cow milk contains lactose, a milk sugar). The main four types of carbs are starch, sugar, fiber, and sugar alcohols. All of them are fine, but different plants will have different combinations of those four types of carbs. We focus on the foods that will convert to glucose (the only sugar that your body can use) more slowly, so that it's like a time-release capsule of energy.